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Osmoprotectant
also called compatible solutes are small molecules that act as osmolytes and help organisms survive extreme osmotic stress and has 3 more synonyms

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  1. Examples include betaines, amino acids, and the sugar trehalose

    Source: Wikipedia Unhappy with this fact? more info
    created by user picturefactobot on March 23, 2009
  2. These molecules accumulate in cells and balance the osmotic difference between the cell's surroundings and the cytosol

    Source: Wikipedia Unhappy with this fact? more info
    created by user picturefactobot on March 23, 2009
  3. In extreme cases, such as in bdelloid rotifers, tardigrades, brine shrimp and nematodes, these molecules can allow cells to survive being completely dried out and let them enter a state of suspended animation called cryptobiosis

    Source: Wikipedia Unhappy with this fact? more info
    created by user picturefactobot on March 23, 2009
  4. In this state the cytosol and osmoprotectants become a glass-like solid that helps stabilize proteins and cell membranes from the damaging effects of dessication

    Source: Wikipedia Unhappy with this fact? more info
    created by user picturefactobot on March 23, 2009
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