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It is often called the bell curve because the graph of its probability density resembles a bell

is a chess variant produced by the late former World Champion Bobby Fischer by modifying the rules of Shuffle Chess so that castling possibilities exist for all starting positions

We say that the sequence Xn converges in the r-th mean or in the Lr norm towards X, if r ≥ 1, E|Xn|r < ∞ for all n, and where the operator E denotes the expected value

a rigorously defined mathematical entity used mainly to describe chance and probability in a mathematical way

developed by A. K. Erlang to examine the number of telephone calls which might be made at the same time to the operators of the switching stations

The primary benefit of DDR3 is the ability to transfer I/O data at eight times the speed of the memory cells it contains, thus enabling faster bus speeds and higher peak throughput than earlier memory technologies

population is one where all individuals are potential partners

a dungeon in a role-playing video game which is generated by the computer using an algorithm, such that the dungeon is laid out differently every time the player enters it, and a player often never plays through quite the same dungeon twice

In probability theory and statistics, the Poisson distribution is a discrete probability distribution that expresses the probability of a number of events occurring in a fixed period of time if these events occur with a known average rate and indepen

a kind of measure in population genetics to measure the possibility of a person randomly picked out of the general population and matching the genotype measured exactly

is the counterpart to a deterministic process (or deterministic system) in probability theory

In computer science, hill climbing is a mathematical optimization technique which belongs to the family of local search

and especially in physics and telecommunication, noise is fluctuations in and the addition of external factors to the stream of target information (signal) being received at a detector

The statistics of random permutations, such as the cycle structure of a random permutation are of fundamental importance in the analysis of algorithms, especially of sorting algorithms, which operate on random permutations

a device for computation that makes direct use of distinctively quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data

The commonly-encountered Cook and Rechkow model is a bit like the ternary-register Malzek model (written with Knuth mnemonics -- the original instructions had no mnemonics excepting TRA, Read, Print)

A numeric sequence is said to be statistically random when it contains no recognizable patterns or regularities

a lottery bond issued by the United Kingdom government's National Savings and Investments scheme

An exchangeable sequence of random variables is a sequence X1, X2, X3, ... of random variables such that for any finite permutation &sigma

a Canadian Internet Radio with broadcasting provided by the Vennex Media Network

a punk rock band from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who were assembled initially as a joke in 1984

In statistics, ANOVA is short for analysis of variance

a mathematical representation of neurons or cells which exchange spiking signals

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