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Computerlexicon

created by user picturealex on March 27, 2009
Displaying 16 terms | Remove tag filter
 
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Acquisition

is a Gnutella-based peer-to-peer and BitTorrent client for Mac OS XSource: Wikipedia

1 fact

Ars Electronica

  1. an organization based in Linz, Austria, founded in 1979 around a festival for art, technology and society that was part of the International Bruckner FestivalSource: Wikipedia
  2. became its own festival and a yearly event in 1986Source: Wikipedia
  3. Winners of the Prix Ars Electronica 2008
    Winners of the Prix Ars Electronica 2008Source: Wikipedia
3 facts

Backup

  1. copies of data so that these additional copies may be used to restore the original after a data loss eventSource: Wikipedia
  2. 2 types of backups: full backup and incremental backupSource: Personal Knowledge
  3. frequent backups are usually done as incremental backupsSource: Personal Knowledge
  4. incremental backups build on full backupsSource: Personal Knowledge
  5. used to be stored on tape drives, nowadays either on optical media (CD, DVD) or hard drivesSource: Personal Knowledge
5 facts

Batch file

  1. a text file containing a series of commands intended to be executedSource: Wikipedia
  2. because of limited syntax and commands they are less suited for general-purpose programmingSource: Wikipedia
  3. When a batch file is run, the shell program (usually COMMAND.COM or cmd.exe) reads the file and executes its commandsSource: Wikipedia
  4. is analogous to a shell script in Unix-like operating systemsSource: Wikipedia
4 facts

Binary search tree

a binary tree data structure sorted in a way so that the left subtree of each node only contains values smaller than the node, and the right one only greater valuesSource: Wikipedia

1 fact

EXE

  1. the common filename extension for denoting an executableSource: Wikipedia
  2. 32-bit Portable Executable (introduced with Windows NT)Source: Wikipedia
  3. used in the OpenVMS, DOS, Microsoft Windows, ReactOS, and OS/2 operating systemsSource: Wikipedia
  4. DOS executable (ASCII string "MZ" at the beginning of the file)Source: Wikipedia
  5. "MZ" (ASCII "MZ" identifies DOS executables) are the initials of Mark Zbikowski, one of the developers of MS-DOSSource: Wikipedia
  6. 16-bit New Executable (can only be executed by Windows and OS/2)Source: Wikipedia
  7. Mixed 16/32-bit Linear Executable (introduced in OS/2 2.0)Source: Wikipedia
  8. 32-bit Linear Executable (introduced by OS/2 2.0, can only be run there)Source: Wikipedia
  9. 64-bit Portable Executable (introduced with 64-bit versions of Windows)Source: Wikipedia
9 facts

FAT

  1. a partially patented file system developed by Microsoft for MS-DOSSource: Wikipedia
  2. the LFN extension (Long FileNames) allows mixed case, 255 UTF-16 charactersSource: Wikipedia
  3. File Allocation TableSource: Wikipedia
  4. is supported by virtually all existing operating systems for personal computersSource: Wikipedia
  5. an ideal format for floppy disks and solid-state memory cardsSource: Wikipedia
  6. type FAT32 (max. 8TB disks, max. 268 million files)Source: Wikipedia
  7. type FAT16 (max. 2 GB disks, max. 65517 files)Source: Wikipedia
  8. type FAT12 (max. 32MB disks, max. 4077 files)Source: Wikipedia
  9. originally only 8.3 filenames possible (8 letter filename, 3 letter extension)Source: Wikipedia
9 facts

git

  1. free distributed revision control softwareSource: Wikipedia
  2. initially created by Linus Torvalds for Linux kernel developmentSource: Wikipedia
  3. helps the developer to focus on asynchronous developmentSource: Wikipedia
3 facts

Hello world

  1. a computer program that prints out "Hello world!" on a display deviceSource: Wikipedia
  2. used in many introductory tutorials for teaching a programming languageSource: Wikipedia
  3. Such a program is typically one of the simplest programs possible in a computer languageSource: Wikipedia
3 facts

Levenshtein distance

  1. a metric for measuring the amount of difference between two sequencesSource: Wikipedia
  2. can be considered a generalization of the Hamming distance, which is used for strings of the same length and only considers substitution editsSource: Wikipedia
  3. named after Vladimir Levenshtein, who considered this distance in 1965Source: Wikipedia
3 facts

MIDI

  1. its specification was developed by, and is maintained by, the MIDI Manufacturers Association (MMA)Source: Wikipedia
  2. are typically created using computer-based sequencing software that organizes MIDI messages into one or more parallel "tracks" for independent recording and editingSource: Wikipedia
  3. consists of one header chunk and one or more track chunksSource: Wikipedia
3 facts

OEM

Bulk components are often mistakenly referred to as OEM products. However, these do not actually differ from retail versions, except in their packaging and/or the way they are procuredSource: Wikipedia

1 fact

Paul Graham

  1. a programmer, venture capitalist, and essayist, known for his work on LispSource: Wikipedia
  2. the author of On Lisp (1993), ANSI Common Lisp (1995), and Hackers & Painters (2004)Source: Wikipedia
2 facts

PEBKAC

an acronym which stands for "Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair"Source: Wikipedia

1 fact

RAM

Random Access MemorySource: Wikipedia

1 fact

Wired

  1. monthly American magazine and on-line periodicalSource: Wikipedia
  2. published in San Francisco, California since March 1993Source: Wikipedia
  3. from 1998 to 2006, Wired magazine and Wired News (which publishes at Wired.com) had separate ownersSource: Wikipedia
  4. known for its strong libertarian principles, its enthusiastic embrace of techno-utopianism, and its sometimes experimental layout with its bold use of fluorescent and metallic inksSource: Wikipedia
4 facts
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